In this region – and in particular within FIVE kilometres of the Cradle of Humankind - you are required to conduct environmental impact assessments if you intend to transform natural vegetation (such as by ploughing or clearing grass). This applies if you are going to change more than ONE hectare (Ten thousand square meters).
BUT for a significant part of this region, altering the land use on THREE HUNDRED SQUARE METERS requires an environmental authorisation. This is if the land is within any critically or endangered ecosystem.
Also, the agricultural potential of the land has been assessed. Knowing where land is most suitable for agriculture makes good, practical economic sense. There are small and isolated parts where the agricultural potential is better than the average ‘poor’ and ‘low yield’.
Grazing is poor. This is sour veld which has a very low capacity to support herds.
An independent, scientific report done for a proposed game estate in this region indicates:
“In this case, since the main reason for introducing game on this land is recreational, it is necessary to take off approximately 30 % of the calculated Grazing Capacity, leaving rooms for expansion of the different populations.
Based on the above reasoning, the recommended Stocking Rate for the area will be 70% of the calculated Grazing Capacity, giving:
Stocking Rate = 7 LAU/100ha” (LAU means large animal unit)
The Environmental Management Frameworks for the region support only extensive farming (NO intensive farming methods ).
The most suitable farming is of game, with the proviso that it is done within the stocking and grazing limits, with the correct mix of species and gender, and properly managed (including removal of stock and gene pool control).
 Quoted from a study by D DU PLESSIS, A BOSCH, A BI’IKO
The stocking rate (SR) refers to the number of animal units that the game ranch manager allots to a specific surface unit of land for a specified period (usually a year), so that the most beneficial return will occur in terms of management objectives. Stocking rate is therefore given as animal units per hectare per year.
The Grazing Capacity (GC) of the veld is related to the productivity of the grazable vegetation. This productivity potential is expressed as the area of grazing land required for maintaining a specified animal unit in a good condition over an extended number of years without deterioration of the grazing or the soil.
The term Large Animal unit (LAU) will very often be used and should therefore be defined. One LAU is regarded as an animal of 450 kg whose weight increases by 500 g per day.
Two methods were used: the combined veld condition and rainfall method, and the rainfall method. These two methods were
chosen in order to take into account aspects of the climate as well as veld condition aspects. Furthermore, these methods are believed to be adapted to Savanna and Grasslands of Southern Africa
Grazing Capacity of the area is:
GC = 9.96 LAU/100ha.
It has taken into account the veld condition and the rainfall. It did however not take into account the grass production or cover, the incidence of fire, the accessibility of the terrain, the feeding habit and social behaviour of the herbivores involved. It is therefore not recommended to use it completely for stocking the area
In this case, since the main reason for introducing game on this land is recreational, it is necessary to take off approximately 30 % of the calculated GC, leaving rooms for expansion of the different populations.
Based on the above reasoning, the recommended SR for the area will be 70 % of the calculated GC, giving:
SR = 7 LAU/100ha
 “intensive agriculture” means a farming system involving high yields of crop or livestock products by means of replacing or enhancing the natural agricultural resource base. Included are operations involving irrigation of crops or pastures by means of centre pivot irrigation systems. Intensive methods are NOT supported in this region.