+27 82 997 7880

The Cradle of Humankind has defined development which is desirable in the primary zone, and the associated buffer.  The activity and its definition follow -

 

 

The primary zone, and the associated buffer, list the following as desirable developments:

Development

Definition

Fossil research and Associated infrastructure

“fossil research” means all activities undertaken by an authorized scientist to excavate a site for fossil evidence or related scientific information within the boundary of the declared COH WHS and buffer zone. Such excavation activity must be authorised by at least SAHRA and the MA.

Dwelling house

 

“dwelling house” means a permanent homestead for occupation by the owner of the property either full time or part time consisting of a single building (single

storey) without any separate outbuildings or structures except for a structure providing for the parking of vehicles not exclusively used for farming purposes.

Outdoor entertainment areas such as a swimming pool and braai area as well as all soft and hard landscaping areas must form a single consolidated unit with a limited and well defined footprint. A dwelling house including a parking structure may not exceed 500 m2 coverage and the development footprint may not exceed 1,000 m2 per unit

Home occupation

 

“home occupation” means the practicing of an occupation, or trade, or the conducting of an enterprise from a dwelling house by one or more occupants of the

dwelling house, provided the dominant use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family.

Additional dwelling unit

 

“additional dwelling unit” means dwelling unit that may be erected subject to approval from the MA on an existing subdivided farm portion or agricultural holding where a permitted dwelling house has first been erected and no additional dwelling unit or structures exceeding this provision has been erected to date. The additional dwelling unit shall remain on the same cadastral unit as the dwelling house. Only a single additional dwelling unit is permitted on an existing subdivided farm portion or agricultural holding regardless of the size of the portion or holding. An additional dwelling unit including a parking structure, may not exceed 250 m2 coverage and the development footprint may not exceed 500 m2 per unit. The additional unit must be a single storey construction and must preferably be placed adjacent to the dwelling house to limit the visual impact of the proposed development to the original farmstead precinct.

Agricultural buildings

 

“agricultural buildings” means any permanent structures such as required for the parking and general storage of farm vehicles, implements and produce directly related to the farming activities on site. Any activity or structure that exceeds merely the storage of the above such as packaging, sorting or commercial activity is excluded from the above provision.

Farm labourer structures

 

“farm labourer structures” means any permanent structures for the bona fide occupation of farm labourers employed on the same farm portion including provision for soft and hard landscaping which must form a single unit with a limited and well defined development footprint if not contained within the dwelling house footprint. Each structure should not exceed 60 m2 within a footprint of 100 m2

Servant quarters

 

“servant quarters” means any permanent structure for the bona fide occupation by domestic workers employed on the same farm portion including provision for soft and hard landscaping which must form a single unit with a limited and well defined footprint if not contained within the dwelling house footprint. This single building unit may not exceed 60 m2 and should be located within the footprint of the dwelling house or additional dwelling unit.

Low impact camping site

 

“low impact camping site” means a property or part thereof in which tents are utilised for accommodation for visitors, and includes ablution, cooking and other facilities for the use of such visitors. These camping facilities must however be exclusively in support of low impact tourism activities such as horse riding, hiking and mountain biking and must comply with the following requirements: 1 site per property, maximum of 20 tents at a density of 1 tent/10 ha of property size with central ablution facilities including cooking/washing. Each tent sleeps maximum 2 people.

Guided scientific tours

 

“guided scientific tours” means any formal tours undertaken by a suitably qualified and registered tour guide to any heritage site or fossil excavation site with the written permission of the land owner and relevant authorities.

Nature and heritage   trails, mountain biking and horse trails

 

“nature and heritage trails, mountain biking and horse trails” means any formal trails used on a permanent basis for the conducting of any of the above activities both on a commercial or non-commercial basis. The design and construction of these trails should be done in accordance with best management principles and facilities should make provision for public amenities normally associated with trail use.

Tourism incentive accommodation

 

“tourism incentive accommodation” means permanent provision of accommodation units on actively farmed properties to provide bona fide farmers with additional opportunity to generate income. Units may not exceed the following provisions: 1 unit per 10 ha of property size, 5 units maximum per property, each unit limited to 150 m2 including a structure for the parking of a car, development footprint not exceeding 250 m2. Owner must submit a formal application for such unit/s and provide a detailed motivation including services provision for consideration. Land or units may not be transferred to any other person, organisation or group of people. Provision does not apply to already existing agricultural holdings.

Guest house

 

“guest house” means an additional dwelling unit (250 m2) which is used for the purpose of letting individual rooms for residential accommodation, with or without meals, provided that:

(i) the property is retained in a form which can easily be re-used by a family as an additional dwelling unit; and

(ii) all amenities and provision of meals shall be for the sole benefit of bona fide lodgers.

Boutique hotel/lodge

 

“hotel/boutique hotel/lodge” means property used as a temporary residence for transient guests, where lodging and meals are provided, and may include associated conference and entertainment facilities that are subservient and ancillary to the dominant use of the property as a hotel/lodge, as well as premises which are licensed to sell liquor for consumption on the property, but does not include an off-sales facility. The facility is limited to a single hotel, boutique hotel/lodge on a property with a maximum of 10 units per property at a density of 1 unit per 10 ha of property size, each unit/suite should not exceed 120m2 and is limited to sleep a maximum of 3 people. The resort should be a single storey development with a maximum building footprint of 700 m2. Conference and entertainment facilities in scale can be provided at a rate of 10 m2 floor space/unit up to a maximum of 100 m2

Extensive agriculture

“extensive agriculture” means agriculture that involves the use of the natural vegetation without any attempt to increase its yield above that of the original condition, and/or the cultivation of up to 20 ha of land for crops or pastures. This refers primarily to the grazing of livestock and game on natural veld but does allow for a limited amount of crop or pasture production. Included is the use of facilities such as dips, spray races, and holding kraals

The primary zone and buffer also have developments indicated as undesirable, including –

Development

Definition

Subdivision of farm portions or land

 

Agri-industry or expansion of existing operations

“agri-industrial” means an undertaking involving the beneficiation of primary agricultural produce.

Industrial activity

“industrial activity” means such industrial and/or trade purposes for example factories , warehouses, workshops and similar purposes as is generally defined in relevant Town Planning Schemes.

Aircraft landing strips or expansion of existing strips

“aircraft landing strips” means any site prepared for use by the owner/user of an aeroplane to land or take off within the boundary of the COH WHS and buffer zone.

Heli-stops or expansion

“heli-stops” means any site prepared for use by the owner/user of a helicopter to land or take off within the boundary of the COH WHS and buffer zone excluding sites required for use by emergency personnel.

Conference facility in excess than provided for in this guideline or expansion of existing facilities

“conference facility” means a place of assembly without overnight accommodation, which also supplies meals, which normally is an additional activity to primary function such as a boutique hotel, guest-house or restaurant and where the building restrictions will be those of the primary function, except that additional parking may be required.

Read with: The facility is limited to a single hotel, boutique hotel/lodge on a property with a maximum of 10 units per property at a density of 1 unit per 10 ha of property size, each

unit/suite should not exceed 120 m2 and is limited to sleep a maximum of 3 people. The resort should be a single storey development with a maximum building footprint of 700m2. Conference and entertainment facilities in scale can be provided at a rate of 10 m2 floor space/unit up to a maximum of 100 m2

Business premises or expansion of existing facilities

“business premises” means a building or property from which business is conducted and includes a shop, office, financial institution and building for similar uses, but does not include a place of assembly, place of entertainment, institution, service station, motor repair garage, industry, industrial hive, noxious trade, risk activity, restaurant, adult entertainment business or bottle store.

Lifestyle estates or expansion of existing estates

“life style estates” means land containing residences usually developed in relation to significant open space, the latter which may (or may not) include other lower intensity uses such as recreation, golf courses or polo fields.

High density residential development or expansion of existing facilities

“high density residential development” means residential development of single privately owned stands and units with associated services in densities associated with urban development.

Roadside advertising

“roadside advertising” means the placing of physical advertising signs and hoardings within the road reserve of any road within the COH WHS and buffer zone, this includes the attachment of banners and posters to existing infrastructure, walls and fences for advertising purposes. This excludes on site facility signs approved by the MA.

Advertising on site

“advertising on site” means the placing of physical advertising signs and hoardings within the property located within the COH WHS and buffer zone, this includes the attachment of banners and posters to existing infrastructure, walls or fences for advertising purposes. This excludes on site facility signs approved by the MA

Commercial antennae

“commercial antenna” means a facility incorporating a high mast, for the transmission and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, and includes a television station, a radio station and a cellular communication tower.

Service stations or expansion

“service station” means property for the retail supply of fuel and includes trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, the repair or overhauling of motor vehicles and washing of vehicles, but does not include spray-painting, panel beating, blacksmithery or body work. Any portion of a shop or business premises which incorporates facilities for retail supply of fuel for the use of motor vehicles, shall be deemed a service station.

Farm shop

“farm shop” means a building, located on a farm, which does not exceed 100 m2 in floor space, including storage facilities, where the farmer sells goods, whether to his employees or to the general public.

A “farm stall” is not considered undesirable, and is defined :

“farmstall” means a building, located on a farm, which does not exceed 100 m2 in floor space, including storage facilities, where a farmer sells products produced and processed on this farm to the general public.

Camping

Means: tents and caravans are utilised for accommodation for temporary visitors

Intensive agriculture or expansion

“intensive agriculture” means a farming system involving high yields of crop or livestock products by means of replacing or enhancing the natural agricultural resource base. Included are operations involving irrigation of crops or pastures by means of centre pivot irrigation systems.

Resort Holiday   accommodation

“resort” means facilities for overnight tourism accommodation which sleeps more than 15 people

Mining and quarries

“mining and quarries” has the meaning assigned to it in the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002. [any operation or activity for the purposes of winning any mineral on, in or under the earth, water or any residue deposit, whetherby underground or open working or otherwise and includes any operation oractivity incidental thereto]

Place of instruction

“place of instruction” means a crèche, pre-primary school, school, college, technical institute, university, research institution, convent, (public library), public art gallery, museum or other centre of education and includes an associated hostel, but excludes a building or erf which is intended in total or mostly as a certified school, correctional facility or reformatory or industrial

school or reformatory.

Place of worship

“place of worship” means a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, chapel or other place for practicing a faith or religion, and includes any building and a residence associated therewith, but does not include a funeral parlour, cemetery or crematorium with related chapel.

Retirement village

 

Service trade

“service trade” means an enterprise which is:

(i) primarily involved in the rendering of a service for the local community such as the repair of household appliances or the supply of household services;

(ii) not likely to be a source of disturbance to surrounding properties;

(iii) employs at most 10 people;

(iv) not liable, in the event of fire, to cause excessive combustion, give rise to poisonous fumes or cause explosions;

(v) includes a builder’s yard and allied trades, laundry, bakery, dairy depot and similar types of uses; but

(vi) does not include an abattoir, brick-making site, sewage works, service station or motor repair garage.

Bed and breakfast

“bed and breakfast establishment” means a dwelling house or additional dwelling unit in which the occupant of the dwelling supplies lodging and meals for compensation to transient guests who have permanent residence elsewhere, provided that:

(i) the dominant use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family; and

(ii) the property complies with the provisions pertaining to a bed and breakfast.

Restaurant

“restaurant” means a commercial establishment where meals and liquid refreshments are prepared and/or served to paying customers for consumption on the property, and may include licensed provision of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the property. The size is limited to a maximum of 100 patrons.

Infrastructure: Bulk   engineering infrastructure facilities

 

 

           

Normal 0 false false false EN-ZA X-NONE X-NONE

The primary zone, and the associated buffer, list the following as desirable developments:

Development

Definition

Fossil research and Associated infrastructure

“fossil research” means all activities undertaken by an authorized scientist to excavate a site for fossil evidence or related scientific information within the boundary of the declared COH WHS and buffer zone. Such excavation activity must be authorised by at least SAHRA and the MA.

Dwelling house

 

“dwelling house” means a permanent homestead for occupation by the owner of the property either full time or part time consisting of a single building (single

storey) without any separate outbuildings or structures except for a structure providing for the parking of vehicles not exclusively used for farming purposes. Outdoor entertainment areas such as a swimming pool and braai area as well as all soft and hard landscaping areas must form a single consolidated unit with a limited and well defined footprint. A dwelling house including a parking structure may not exceed 500 m2 coverage and the development footprint may not exceed 1,000 m2 per unit

Home occupation

 

“home occupation” means the practicing of an  occupation, or trade, or the conducting of an enterprise from a dwelling house by one or more occupants of the

dwelling house, provided the dominant use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family.

Additional dwelling unit

 

“additional dwelling unit” means dwelling unit that may be erected subject to approval from the MA on an existing subdivided farm portion or agricultural holding where a permitted dwelling house has first been erected and no additional dwelling unit or structures exceeding this provision has been erected to date. The additional dwelling unit shall remain on the same cadastral unit as the dwelling house. Only a single additional dwelling unit is permitted on an existing subdivided farm portion or agricultural holding regardless of the size of the portion or holding. An additional dwelling unit including a parking structure, may not exceed 250 m2 coverage and the development footprint may not exceed 500 m2 per unit. The additional unit must be a single storey construction and must preferably be placed adjacent to the dwelling house to limit the visual impact of the proposed development to the original farmstead precinct.

Agricultural buildings

 

“agricultural buildings” means any permanent structures such as required for the parking and general storage of farm vehicles, implements and produce directly related to the farming activities on site. Any activity or structure that exceeds merely the storage of the above such as packaging, sorting or commercial activity is excluded from the above provision.

Farm labourer structures

 

“farm labourer structures” means any permanent structures for the bona fide occupation of farm labourers employed on the same farm portion including provision for soft and hard landscaping which must form a single unit with a limited and well defined development footprint if not contained within the dwelling house footprint. Each structure should not exceed 60 m2 within a footprint of 100 m2

Servant quarters

 

“servant quarters” means any permanent structure for the bona fide occupation by domestic workers employed on the same farm portion including provision for soft and hard landscaping which must form a single unit with a limited and well defined footprint if not contained within the dwelling house footprint. This single building unit may not exceed 60 m2 and should be located within the footprint of the dwelling house or additional dwelling unit.

Low impact camping site

 

“low impact camping site” means a property or part thereof in which tents are utilised for accommodation for visitors, and includes ablution, cooking and other facilities for the use of such visitors. These camping facilities must however be exclusively in support of low impact tourism activities such as horse riding, hiking and mountain biking and must comply with the following requirements: 1 site per property, maximum of 20 tents at a density of 1 tent/10 ha of property size with central ablution facilities including cooking/washing. Each tent sleeps maximum 2 people.

Guided scientific tours

 

“guided scientific tours” means any formal tours undertaken by a suitably qualified and registered tour guide to any heritage site or fossil excavation site with the written permission of the land owner and relevant authorities.

Nature and heritage  trails, mountain biking and horse trails

 

“nature and heritage trails, mountain biking and horse trails” means any formal trails used on a permanent basis for the conducting of any of the above activities both on a commercial or non-commercial basis. The design and construction of these trails should be done in accordance with best management principles and facilities should make provision for public amenities normally associated with trail use.

Tourism incentive accommodation

 

“tourism incentive accommodation” means permanent provision of  accommodation units on actively farmed properties to provide bona fide farmers with additional opportunity to generate income. Units may not exceed the following provisions: 1 unit per 10  ha of property size, 5 units maximum per property, each unit limited to 150 m2 including a structure for the parking of a car, development footprint not exceeding 250 m2. Owner must submit a formal application for such unit/s and provide a detailed motivation including services provision for consideration. Land or units may not be transferred to any other person, organisation or group of people. Provision does not apply to already existing agricultural holdings.

Guest house

 

“guest house” means an additional dwelling unit (250 m2) which is used for the purpose of letting individual rooms for residential accommodation, with or without meals, provided that: (i) the property is retained in a form which can easily be re-used by a family as an additional dwelling unit; and (ii) all amenities and provision of meals shall be for the sole benefit of bona fide lodgers.

Boutique hotel/lodge

 

“hotel/boutique hotel/lodge” means property used as a temporary residence for transient guests, where lodging and meals are provided, and may include associated conference and entertainment facilities that are subservient and ancillary to the dominant use of the property as a hotel/lodge, as well as premises which are licensed to sell liquor for consumption on the property, but does not include an off-sales facility. The facility is limited to a single hotel, boutique hotel/lodge on a property with a maximum of 10 units per property at a density of 1 unit per 10 ha of property size, each unit/suite should not exceed 120m2 and is limited to sleep a maximum of 3 people. The resort should be a single storey development with a maximum building footprint of 700 m2. Conference and entertainment facilities in scale can be provided at a rate of 10 m2 floor space/unit up to a maximum of 100 m2

Extensive agriculture

“extensive agriculture” means agriculture that  involves the use of the natural vegetation without any attempt to increase its yield above that of the original condition, and/or the cultivation of up to 20 ha of land for crops or pastures. This refers primarily to the grazing of livestock and game on natural veld but does allow for a limited amount of crop or pasture production. Included is the use of facilities such as dips, spray races, and holding kraals

 

The primary zone and buffer also have developments indicated as undesirable, including –

Development

Definition

Subdivision of farm portions or land

 

Agri-industry or expansion of existing operations

“agri-industrial” means an undertaking involving the beneficiation of primary agricultural produce.

Industrial activity

“industrial activity” means such industrial and/or trade  purposes for example factories , warehouses, workshops and similar purposes as is generally defined in relevant Town Planning Schemes.

Aircraft landing strips or expansion of existing strips

“aircraft landing strips” means any site prepared for use by the owner/user of an aeroplane to land or take off within the boundary of the COH WHS and buffer zone.

Heli-stops or expansion

“heli-stops” means any site prepared for use by the owner/user of a helicopter to land or take off within the boundary of the COH WHS and buffer zone excluding sites required for use by emergency personnel.

Conference facility in excess than provided for in this guideline or expansion of existing facilities

“conference facility” means a place of assembly without overnight accommodation, which also supplies meals, which normally is an additional activity to primary function such as a boutique hotel, guest-house or restaurant and where the building restrictions will be those of the primary function, except that additional parking may be required.

Read with: The facility is limited to a single hotel, boutique hotel/lodge on a property with a maximum of 10 units per property at a density of 1 unit per 10 ha of property size, each unit/suite should not exceed 120 m2 and is limited to sleep a maximum of 3 people. The resort should be a single storey development with a maximum building footprint of 700m2. Conference and entertainment facilities in scale can be provided at a rate of 10 m2  floor space/unit up to a maximum of 100 m2

Business premises or expansion of existing facilities

“business premises” means a building or property from which business is conducted and includes a shop, office, financial institution and building for similar uses, but does not include a place of assembly, place of entertainment, institution, service station, motor repair garage, industry, industrial hive, noxious trade, risk activity, restaurant, adult entertainment business or bottle store.

Lifestyle estates or expansion of existing estates

“life style estates” means land containing residences usually developed in relation to significant open space, the latter which may (or may not) include other lower intensity uses such as recreation, golf courses or polo fields.

High density residential development or expansion of existing facilities

“high density residential development” means residential development of single privately owned stands and units with associated services in densities associated with urban development.

Roadside advertising

“roadside advertising” means the placing of physical advertising signs and hoardings within the road reserve of any road within the COH WHS and buffer zone, this includes the attachment of banners and posters to existing infrastructure, walls and fences for advertising purposes. This excludes on site facility signs approved by the MA.

Advertising on site

“advertising on site” means the placing of physical advertising signs and hoardings within the property located within the COH WHS and buffer zone, this includes the attachment of banners and posters to existing infrastructure, walls or fences for advertising purposes. This excludes on site facility signs approved by the MA

Commercial antennae

“commercial antenna” means a facility incorporating a high mast, for the transmission and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, and includes a television station, a radio station and a cellular communication tower.

Service stations or expansion

“service station” means property for the retail supply of fuel and includes trading in motor vehicles, oil, tyres or motor spares, the repair or overhauling of motor vehicles and washing of vehicles, but does not include spray-painting, panel beating, blacksmithery or body work. Any portion of a shop or business premises which incorporates facilities for retail supply of fuel for the use of motor vehicles, shall be deemed a service station.

Farm shop

“farm shop” means a building, located on a farm, which does not exceed 100 m2 in floor space, including storage facilities, where the farmer sells goods, whether to his employees or to the general public.

A “farm stall” is not considered undesirable, and is defined :

“farmstall” means a building, located on a farm, which  does not exceed 100 m2 in floor space, including storage facilities, where a farmer sells products produced and processed on this farm to the general public.

Camping

Means: tents and caravans are utilised for accommodation for temporary visitors

Intensive agriculture or expansion

“intensive agriculture” means a farming system involving high yields of crop or livestock products by means of replacing or enhancing the natural agricultural resource base. Included are operations involving irrigation of crops or pastures by means of centre pivot irrigation systems.

Resort Holiday  accommodation

“resort” means facilities for overnight tourism accommodation which sleeps more than 15 people

Mining and quarries

“mining and quarries” has the meaning assigned to it in the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002. [any operation or activity for the purposes of winning any mineral on, in or under the earth, water or any residue deposit, whetherby underground or open working or otherwise and includes any operation oractivity incidental thereto]

Place of instruction

“place of instruction” means a crèche, pre-primary school, school, college, technical institute, university, research institution, convent, (public library), public art gallery, museum or other centre of education and includes an associated hostel, but excludes a building or erf which is intended in total or mostly as a certified school, correctional facility or reformatory or industrial

school or reformatory.

Place of worship

“place of worship” means a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, chapel or other place for practicing a faith or religion, and includes any building and a residence associated therewith, but does not include a funeral parlour, cemetery or crematorium with related chapel.

Retirement village

 

Service trade

“service trade” means an enterprise which is:

(i) primarily involved in the rendering of a service for  the local community such as the repair of household appliances or the supply of household services; (ii) not likely to be a source of disturbance to surrounding properties; (iii) employs at most 10 people; (iv) not liable, in the event of fire, to cause excessive combustion, give rise to poisonous fumes or cause explosions; (v) includes a builder’s yard and allied trades, laundry, bakery, dairy depot and similar types of uses; but (vi) does not include an abattoir, brick-making site, sewage works, service station or motor repair garage.

Bed and breakfast

“bed and breakfast establishment” means a dwelling house or additional dwelling unit in which the occupant of the dwelling supplies lodging and meals for compensation to transient guests who have permanent residence elsewhere, provided that:

(i) the dominant use of the dwelling house concerned shall remain for the living accommodation of a single family; and (ii) the property complies with the provisions pertaining to a bed and breakfast.

Restaurant

“restaurant” means a commercial establishment where  meals and liquid refreshments are prepared and/or served to paying customers for consumption on the property, and may include licensed provision of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the property. The size is limited to a maximum of 100 patrons.

Infrastructure: Bulk  engineering infrastructure facilities